The Black Continent

Africa is sometimes called the “Black Continent” or the “Birthplace of Mankind”. With an area of 30,308,967 km², that is 22% of the total land area of the earth, it is the second largest continent and about 2.7 times larger than Europe. It is a continent with many climate zones, from humid moderate zones (cf. Middle Europe) at the east coast of South Africa, via subtropical climates at the coasts of Algeria and the north coast of Morocco as well as big parts of steppe, savannah and desert climates (Sahara, Namib). In a small area, we find permanent hot and humid rainforest climate (Congo Basin and west of it, at the coast between Ivory Coast and Guinea, as well as at the east coast of Madagascar). Most people in Africa are familiar with devastating droughts. Sub-Sahara Africa is most affected. Sub-Sahara Africa is the poorest part of the world. The HDI (Human Development Index) of UNO can be used as a criterion. However, there are also very fertile areas where the supply with water and food is no problem.

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