Climate and Nature
Due to its location on both sides of the equator and by its compact form, 76% of Africa’s land mass lies in the tropics. They are limited by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Most of Central and West Africa is covered by tropical rain forest; the Congo Basin being the largest rain forest area of the continent and the second largest of the earth. Within the range of the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, large deserts developed; e.g. the Sahara in the north and the Namib in the south as fog desert as well as the Kalahari as dry savannah. South of Sahara, in the so-called Sahel and from East Africa down to South Africa, the savannah spreads over large surfaces. The monsoon and the large valleys of the Sambezi and Limporo have influence on south east Africa and make it more fertile.