Field of Work Hydrology

On Waters Trail

Hydrology is the science of water in the biosphere. One examines how the precipitation, the runoff, evaporation and groundwater level in an area changed over time.

This work includes:

  • installation of weather stations
  • evaluation of the collected climate data from the waether stations
  • evaluation on the water balance in the region

The following articles provide an insight into the hydrological cycle.

Hydrological Cycle

Water is always on the move – it is in circulation. In contrast to mineral resources it is not used up but it can be used numerously. The amount of water on the earth and in the aerosphere is estimated at 1,383,844,700 km³. The most part of the water (97.591%) is in the oceans, the inland seas and the salt lakes. It is salt water. Only 2.408% is fresh water. The biggest part of it (78%) is stored in the polar region and the glaciers. The remaining 22% of fresh water is divided into surface water, ground water, ground humidity and water in the biomass.

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Hydrological Balance

The components of the hydrologic balance, precipitation, discharge and evaporation, interact with each other. The thermal seasons (summer and winter) as well as the hygrical seasons (dry season and rainy season) influence their size. They varies in every area. The interactions of precipitation, runoff and evaporation are examined on the basis of the analysis of the hydrologic balance of an area. Except for the natural influences

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Exploration of the Hydrological Cycle

To explore the hydrological cycle measurements of air temperature, relative humidity, duration of sunshine, wind speed and other parameters with weather stations at many different locations are made.

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